An unsightly nuisance
Nearly all ornamental trees and shrubs are susceptible to a foliage disease called powdery mildew. Though the disease typically does not permanently damage plants, it does make them unsightly. Especially given that commonly affected species like rose, dogwood, lilac, and crape myrtle are often added to landscapes for their showy appearance, the presence of powdery mildew can be a persistent and exasperating nuisance.
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Powdery mildew is a widespread disease. Weather conditions play a significant role in its development. While it can occur at any time during the growing season, disease development is most severe during the warm and humid weather of summer. Under these conditions, fungi causing powdery mildew develop on the surface of plant tissue.
As the name implies, white or grey powdery spots or growth can be seen on leaves, stems and flowers. Curling and stunting of the youngest leaves, as well as the developing stems, is also commonplace on infected plants. Depending on the species, mature foliage may have some red or purple discoloration.
A combination of tactics are necessary to manage powdery mildew. Infected leaves should be gathered and destroyed in autumn. Pruning will promote air circulation and improve light penetration, discouraging growth of fungi. Fertilisation should be completed in the dormant season to help prevent excessive late-season growth that is most susceptible to the disease.
As this is a pervasive disease, regular fungicide treatments applied as soon as symptoms appear will provide effective control.
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- Our mountain ash tree has white spots on it and the leaves are falling off. Can you help?
- Can you treat powdery mildew on two young dogwoods? I have read that they can be sprayed and will need repeated treatments.
- My jatropa tree has rust and sticky white stuff attached to the leaves and branches. Also, the blooms and leaves are shriveled. What can I do to save this tree?